Costs And Benefits Of Health Information Technology

Using an interrupted on-off-on study design, the authors measured the adequacy of care for febrile children under the age of three, as measured using an evidence-based guideline. We found no evidence of improvements in the adequacy of care during the intervention phase compared to the initial phase. Preliminary evidence shows that independent clinical decision support systems can reduce medication dosing errors, and CPOE plus CDSS may reduce the incidence of harmful medication errors in pediatric and neonatal intensive care settings for hospitalized patients.

On the administrative side, physician assistants, medical records and health information technicians, and billing and medical coding professionals can use electronic medical records or EHRs to schedule appointments, update patient records with diagnostic codes, and submit medical claims using new technology in healthcare. The small number of studies included in the sample was largely a function of the search criteria. In particular, some systems with the basic EHR functionalities of documentation, result management, supplier order entry and decision support were investigated, especially for commercially developed products. These functional criteria have been chosen to make the analysis more relevant to decision makers currently considering EHR adoption. Due to the rapid technical advances in EHR, many of the studies of EHR systems are outdated. This review focused on EHRs with these core functionalities to give decision-makers an overview of the evidence most likely to be relevant to the decisions they are making now.

Other HIT systems, such as electronic drug administration records, pharmacy-based robots, smart infusion pumps/devices, and drug barcodes, are expected to reduce medication errors, but they need more studies. Any doctor will confess that electronic medical records are a hugely important advance in the field of health. Unlike in the past, where medical records were handled clumsily, EHRs provide quick information, registration, storage and transfer of medical records, and efficient integration of care. Electronic medical records replace the paper cards used in the past during visits to health care providers. As more providers use EHR technology, patients will be asked less often to fill in information during visits because healthcare providers already have up-to-date data on file.

No study evaluated a HIT system with at least four of the eight categories of functionality. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, through its Evidence-Based Practice Centers, sponsors the development of evidence reports and technology assessments to assist public and private sector organizations in their efforts to improve the quality of healthcare in the United States. This report was requested and funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation with additional funding from the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

However, with the advent of digitization, patients’ medical information can be fed into a digitized cloud-based system. This has made it extremely easy for specialists, patients and medical billers to access at the click of a button, anywhere and at any time. The costs and benefits of HIT depend not only on the internal system, but also on interactions with the external system, including consumers, medical service providers, technology providers, and the regulatory and financial systems that an organization operates. Multi-perspective studies are needed to examine the flow of costs and benefits to maximize the benefits of HIT in the broader healthcare delivery system. Again, simulation modeling is arguably the best methodology for this type of research. The main limitation of this review is the quality and quantity of the available studies.

Because this result is stored in the EHR database, it in turn becomes part of the structure of attention. The EHR may allow or even remind doctors to respond to that outcome, for example, by changing the patient’s insulin dose, which in turn will lead to a decrease in the patient’s blood sugar or a reduction in the likelihood of a long-term diabetic device industry news complication. A study by Fortescue and colleagues24 examined and characterized 616 medication errors that occurred in the pediatric inpatient units of two academic tertiary referral medical centers. In a hypothetical experiment, medical experts determined what percentage of these errors could have been avoided by implementing safety systems.