And it can minimize cases of sexual harassment and abuse in high and high school, cases that can range from cyberbullying and bullying to unwanted contact and non-consensual sex. A recent study of Columbia University’s sexual health transformation project to promote transformation suggests that comprehensive sex education protects students from sexual sex doll assault even after high school. Sex education can take place at a time when an individual questions his sexuality. It is important that comprehensive sexual education courses not only discuss heterosexual relationships, but also list strange topics. This provides representation and sex education to those who are not cisgender or heterosexual.
Sex education should be informed by evidence of what works best to prevent unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, but it should also respect young people’s right to obtain complete and honest information. Sex education should treat sexual development as a normal and natural part of human development. Despite the generally recognized importance of sexual health, education to promote it remains a sensitive and sometimes controversial topic. 4–7 The variety of popular literature and research on the subject indicates that parents of all political tendencies feel uncomfortable approaching their children sexually. However, liberal and conservative views on the right way to provide sex education continue to diverge widely.
Countries with a conservative attitude towards sex education (including the UK and the US) have a higher incidence of STIs and teenage pregnancies. In addition, an evaluation by the United States concludes that “the overwhelming weight of evidence shows that sex education that discusses contraception does not increase sexual activity.”. In many African countries, where AIDS is at epidemic levels (see HIV / AIDS in Africa), sex education is seen by most scientists as an essential public health strategy. Some international organizations such as Planned Parenthood believe that comprehensive sex education programs have global benefits, such as controlling the risk of overcrowding and promoting women’s rights . The use of media campaigns has sometimes led to a high “awareness”, along with essentially superficial knowledge of HIV transmission The latest national research has shown that most young people learn about sex and sexual health from school-based sex education programs .
While not a direct measure of school performance, absenteeism is linked to low graduation rates, which may affect future life success . The social and health risks of sexual activity in adolescents are known (Dee et al. 2017). While adolescent pregnancy and birth rates continue to decline in the United States, rates remain higher than in other industrialized countries; and racial, ethnic and geographical differences persist (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016a). In addition, the rates of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States are unprecedented, with more than half of newly acquired infections occurring in teenagers and young adults .
It is not only access to sex education that is not only an integral but also medically accurate human right; It is our fundamental duty as a society to train the next generation. When only 13 states require sex education to be medically accurate, much remains to be interpreted in health literacy among adolescents. Research from the Public Library of Sciences shows that when sex education is comprehensive, students feel better informed, make safer decisions and achieve healthier results. This results in less unplanned pregnancies and more protection against sexually transmitted diseases and infections. Socialization, on the contrary, is the process by which an individual understands ideas, beliefs and values, shared cultural symbols, meanings and codes of conduct.10 The sexual socialization of babies and children starts at home, where parents have the opportunity to express their deeply entrenched values. From an early age, children are exposed to reports of modesty, nudity and privacy, including gender-specific reports of appropriate behavior.
Knowledge is power, and nearly half of the nation has no sex education in its public schools K-12, while most programs focus solely on abstinence, premarital sex, contraception, and / or medically accurate information. The history of sex education in the United States has been much debated for decades about whether or not to be more restrictive (NCSL, 2020; Planned Parenthood, 2016; Schmidt et al. 2015). Research has shown that previous approaches aimed at providing medically comprehensive information on sexual health are not the most successful in reducing risky behavior among young people (Planned Parenthood. 2016). The National Institute of Health reports that between 20 and 27 states only need sex education on topics such as contraception, sex education and / or HIV, only abstinence and sexual activity that is only acceptable within marriage (Shapiro & Brown, 2018; Conference National State Legislatures, 2020).
14.15 During adolescence, a young person begins to create a new identity, building on role models of parents, but increasingly moving from parents to peers and social institutions, such as schools, to define his own social values. 16.17 Erikson characterized this important development task as identity formation.15 As part of normal development, Adolescents form new relationships between peers and are increasingly interested in romantic and potentially intimate sexual partners. In addition, teenagers crave privacy in a variety of environments, including body issues and relationships with colleagues. Therefore, parents are often the last people to consult an adolescent to obtain information about new physical and social realities; peers, educators and other adults may become more important and confident new data sources. The National Sex Education Standards established by the Future Sex Education Initiative provide an example of an inclusive LGBT curriculum.